Stress, challenging daily living conditions, irregular sleep patterns, and unhealthy eating habits, combined with genetic factors, cause hair loss in many people. Hair transplantation is the most effective method to deal with this problem and directly influences social life and self-confidence. That is why, after hair transplant care is very important.
However, it should always remember that hair transplantation is a long process, consisting of three stages. These are before the hair transplant surgery hair transplant and after the hair transplant. Hair transplant surgery is responsible for 50% of the process; post-transplant care makes up the other 50%. After the hair transplant, the last step is essential, as acting as responsible and following the doctor’s advice directly impacts the success of the procedure. The patient must continue communicating with the doctor after the operation and avoid any action that could threaten the result.
EARLY POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD OF HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
Patients are discharged to their home or hotel as soon as the hair transplant procedure is completed. Although it seems a little strange, patients can suffer from graft loss due to impacts on the head and, therefore, it is necessary to act with great care.
Doctors will prescribe medications to prevent possible conditions and risks. It is essential to follow the instructions for using these drugs. The doctors remove the dressing that they apply to the scalp the day after the hair transplant surgery.
Edema and bruising are likely on the face, especially around the eyes, in the first days after the operation.
AFTER HAIR TRANSPLANTATION CARE
It is necessary to pay strict attention to hair care after hair transplantation. You should not wash hair on postoperative day 1 due to the risk of infection and easy detachment of hair follicles. Then, people should use recommended medical shampoos. Detailed information on hair wash recommendations is available in our article, having the title “Hair wash after hair transplant.”
Doctors will advise moisturizing lotions and sprays/lotions used after the hair transplant; the patient should these products gently.
Do not use hot, high-pressure water to wash hair. Hairdryers should not use in the receiving area in the first month. The person should avoid exposure of the sun to the scalp; in case of a holiday, it is useful to use sunscreen 50-SPF. Smoking causes adverse effects by inhibiting sufficient oxygenation of the transplanted hair.
It would help if you did not consume alcohol as long as you take medications prescribed after hair transplant surgery, as its ingredients can interact with alcohol. It is also important to avoid alcohol consumption for at least 15 days, as it delays wound healing. This decision should be left to the person. Solarium, swimming pool, and sauna are absolutely prohibited for 1 month.
It is recommended to avoid cardiac exercise for at least 15 days, as they cause heavy sweating and increase infection risk accordingly. If you don’t sweat a lot, non-strenuous exercises can be started 15 days later. Patients should sleep as instructed by the physician for 7 days after surgery.
It is necessary to stay away from humid areas, such as sauna, solarium, swimming pool, and Turkish bath, for 1 month due to infection risk.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS AFTER HAIR TRANSPLANTATION SURGERY
Hair transplant surgery is a serious surgery, and certain postoperative complications are likely. Some of these complications are as follows:
- Swelling, bruising, and edema around the eyes, 42%.
- Sterile folliculitis, 23%. Anxiety is unnecessary; it will disappear quickly if you use lotion (s) or cream (s) prescribed by your doctor.
- Pain and itching in the donation area, 10%. It will heal dramatically thanks to a steroid cream that will be advised by your doctor.
- Numbness and anesthesia on the scalp, 10%.
- The formation of large scars in the donor area is the most frightening complication; it is likely if specialists do not harvest the hair follicles.
- Bleeding and swelling in the scalp in case of impact.
- Infection that can be transmitted in surgery or secondary to the neglect of postoperative care instructions.
The patient should report Postoperative side effects to the doctor, and no action should be taken unless the doctor is informed that he or she has undergone hair transplant surgery.
FIRST 6 MONTHS AFTER HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
First 15 days: The transplant zone will appear red in the first 15 days after hair transplant surgery. Swelling and crusting will occur. The first interval of 15 days is similar to the honeymoon; hair will grow and look beautiful.
From three to eight weeks: The transplanted hair will be shed – a phenomenon called “Hair loss shock”. Then, healthier hair will grow.
From the third month: The hair starts to grow.
From the sixth month: Hair grows healthy; visible changes are recognizable in the meantime.
One year later: The transplanted hair grows, and the natural and beautiful look appears in most patients, depending on the operation’s success. There may be changes in self-confidence and social life.
BUSINESS LIFE AND SPORTS AFTER HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
The person should avoid Strenuous activities in the first 15 days after hair transplant surgery. It is strongly recommended to avoid strenuous sports/exercises in the first month. This interval may enhance to 90 days for combat sports that require close contact.
Patients can usually get involved in business life, and daily routines can be maintained for 2 to 5 days.
RECOMMENDED VITAMINS AFTER HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
Hair health stems from hair follicles. Nutrition is a very critical factor in strengthening hair follicles. Therefore, we can say that the intense use of certain vitamins may contribute to hair transplant surgery.
Vitamins E, C, A, and B complex have effects on hair health. Vitamin B is especially in top recommendation for use after hair transplantation. Doctors advise patients to eat foods rich in iron as they boost the immune system and accelerate healing.
Zinc is also one of the substances suitable for use after hair transplant surgery due to its potent effect on collagen tissue synthesis and hormonal homeostasis.
How is the postoperative?
The first day after surgery.
The patient returns to the clinic to remove the dressing and wash the hair. This process is important because the patient will learn how to wash the hair in the days before the transplant.
Some precautions must be maintained
- Do not drive after surgery; go home with an escort or taxi.
- Have a light soup or pasta meal with a little salt.
- Continue to take your medications normally, especially for hypertension and diabetes, when appropriate.
- Use a soft pillow and a roller (soft rolled towel) under the neck to avoid resting directly on the stitches.
- Apply ice packs to the forehead to ease the swelling. Never place on top of the implants. Up to 72 hours can swell. Swelling does not compromise hair transplantation, only aesthetics.
- Sleeping on your back for the swelling to migrate backward (neck) and not to the forehead.
- Avoid ducking your head or making any effort right after surgery.
- Avoid intense heat.
- Wash your hands thoroughly before touching newly placed hair.
Reserve a bath towel to dry your head, not to dry with the same towel that dried your body.
- Change the pillowcase every day.
- Pool and sea only after 2 months of hair transplant.
- Weight training, fights, and extreme sports only after 2 months of the procedure.
- If you have pets, always wash your hands and pass alcohol.
To avoid discomfort and or pain, carefully follow the surgical team’s instructions and the medical prescription.
- Drink plenty of fluids (water, juice, coconut water, and Gatorade)
- If possible, rest and make cold compresses on the forehead.
- Come to the clinic the next day as scheduled to perform the first head wash. Do not wash at home.
- You can wear a cap or hat as long as they are wide and clean. Avoid staying with them for too long.
The second day after surgery:
- Wash your head as directed by the team.
- Until the doctor removes stitches, use only the neutral Johnson shampoo (yellow) and do not wash your head in the shower. Gently use the shampoo by tapping it lightly using the tips of your fingers to form a foam, and then rinse with a glass or jar (do not make circular movements and do not rub). The water should always be warm or cold, never hot. Wash the region of the points well with your fingertips in a circular motion.
- Dry the head by pressing the region of the implants, never circular movement in that area.
- Reserve a clean towel to dry your head.
Third, the fourth, and fifth day after surgery:
- Wash your head daily as directed in the office. The scabs need to come out and the implants to have good healing.
- Keep using only neutral Johnson shampoo until Doctor removes the stitches.
- You have to wash every day, you cannot go without washing any day.
From the sixth day:
- Apply the Johnson baby pure oil to the entire implant area and the stitch areas at night when you go to sleep and the next day wash with neutral Johnson shampoo.
- Use the oil until all the scabs fall off.
- Do not remove the scabs; in most cases, they fall with the hair, which is normal.
- Remembering that the hair breaks at the base and falls out again within three months. It is when definitive growth begins.
Doctors remove the stitches 14 days after surgery. After removing the stitches, you are now free to wash your hair normally, with normal shampoo and in the shower, except powerful showers. After removing the stitches, the person can gradually increase and normalize it after 30 days. Pool and sea should avoid until the 2nd month after surgery. Avoid wearing a helmet for the first three months. Start washing your head normally in the shower, as soon as the hair transplant region is free of cones.
Avoid intense heat over the implants for two months. After two weeks, you can expose yourself to the sun with a cap. You can use wide caps that do not compress the head, and the idea is to keep the head well ventilated to help in the healing process.
The post-hair transplant care phase is one of the most critical periods for a successful outcome. Haircare after hair transplantation continues for periods of one month, three months, six months, nine months, and one year.
Treatments like PRP and Mesotherapy help new hair to become stronger. Products like Aminexil and Densifique also add extra volume to new hair, affecting its thickness, but they do not increase the amount of hair on the patient’s head.
Q & A
How to take Care of the Donor area after a hair transplant?
The donor area is the place where doctors remove the follicles necessary for a hair transplant. The donor area needs to have enough follicles to cover baldness without damaging the strands present in this region. This assessment is based on factors such as the number of follicles per cm2, the quality of these strands, size, thickness, and the number of strands per follicle.
This care is critical because the hair transplant is a medium and long-term surgery. If there is severe swelling in the donor area, the patient may have a greater aesthetic problem in the future. Therefore, it is essential to have a reliable doctor who will take care of the patient before, during, and after surgery.
How to Wash Hair after Hair Transplantation?
A good recommendation is also for patients who have had a hair transplant but for anyone. It is to avoid bathing with boiling water. This is one of the main recommendations, especially for dandruff and seborrhea dermatitis or excess oil, as hot water makes these symptoms much worse and mistreats the scalp too much. The hot water has a very big astringency, so it removes the fat, the protective grease, and with that for the scalp to protect itself, it ends up producing more oil. So in the normal day-to-day for people who did not operate and patients with postoperative hair transplantation, the bath should be with the warmest water possible and not with hot water.
What should not do after Hair Transplant?
- Do not dye your hair
- Don’t smoke
- Avoid sun exposure
- Avoid bathing in hot water